The cells in the human body undergo a natural process of destruction every day. When the body uses oxygen, about 1-2 percent of the cells will become damaged and turn into free radicals. Free radicals are the names for damaged cells that can cause certain negative conditions. To prevent damage, the body needs enough antioxidants Antioxidants are ingredients that help protect your body’s cells from the harmful effects of free radicals. Free radicals can be formed naturally in the body and can be obtained from outside the body.
Free radicals that are formed in the body are chemicals that are produced from the process of digesting food. Meanwhile, free radicals from outside the body are caused by cigarette smoke and radiation. Free radicals that cannot be handled by the body can trigger various chronic diseases, such as cancer and heart disease.The body cannot produce antioxidants naturally as needed. Therefore, you need to consume enough foods with high antioxidant content every day, to fight free radicals.
Green tea is rich in catechins, the dominant polyphenol compounds that act as antioxidants. The most active catechins are epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and there are other types of catechins as well: catechins, gallaogatechins, epicatechin, epigallocatechin and epicatechin gallate. These polyphenols are useful for slowing down the aging process, neutralizing free radicals, and inhibiting the growth of cancer-causing cells. Antioxidants play a role in blood purification mechanisms and are good for cardioviscular health.The amino acid compound L-theanine in green tea helps the formation of the neurotransmitter dopamine, changes serotonin levels and increases alpha waves in the brain. This causes relaxation in the body, helps the production of antibodies and can help the body’s immune response to infection.
Green tea contains about 30 to 50 milligrams of caffeine per cup. However, the percentage of caffeine content in green tea varies according to the region where the tea is grown and the stage of leaf growth. The EGCG and L-theanine compounds in green tea play a role in eliminating the negative effects of caffeine, making green tea much safer for consumption.
Green tea is a rich source of various vitamins and minerals. The amount of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) in green tea is comparable to lemon. Five cups of green tea per day will provide 5-10% of your daily needs for riboflavin, niacin, folic acid, and pantothenic acid, and provide about 5% of your daily requirement for magnesium, 45% of your daily requirement of manganese and 25% of potassium.
There are many more benefits of consuming green tea, including eliminating bad breath, reducing stress, reducing the risk of stroke, as an antidepressant, eliminating bad cholesterol in the body, and being able to get rid of acne on the skin and make the skin look cleaner.
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